This paper is about exploring the aspects of ancient classical literature that have somehow influenced the modern world or the aspects existed in ancient classical literature which are still existing in our lives one way or another. The most important aspect we have taken from ancient Greek culture is democracy. Democracy was the widely discussed topic in the ancient classical literature. Although, in modern form of democracy is different then that existed, but we can say that the ideology of democracy was born in ancient Greek culture and was given to us through their literature. The thing I learned from this course is the way human nature has preserved its essence after all these years, although technology has revolutionized our every way of life, but our thinking I believe is still primitive. Because, wars, concept of love, normalcy, justice, freedom, religion, politics and happiness of men are still widely discussed topic.
Essay On Elizabeth Anascombe Approach To Ethics - Words | Cram
Virtue ethics is usually contrasted with two other major approaches in normative ethics, consequentialism and deontology , which make the goodness of outcomes of an action consequentialism and the concept of moral duty deontology central. While virtue ethics does not necessarily deny the importance of goodness of states of affairs or moral duties to ethics, it emphasizes moral virtue, and sometimes other concepts, like eudaimonia , to an extent that other theories do not. In virtue ethics, a virtue is a morally good disposition to think, feel, and act well in some domain of life. A virtue is a trait that makes its possessor a good person, and a vice is one that makes its possessor a bad person. In ancient Greek and modern eudaimonistic virtue ethics, virtues and vices are complex dispositions that involve both affective and intellectual components.
Taylor relates this myth to the structure of consequentialism and utilitarianism because of the strict guidelines that force individuals into an unnatural scheme. And it might induce us to think that we could ignore certain demands because they fail to fit our favored mode of calculation. Thus, bringing forth questions as to why one should consume their time with reading it. Enlightenment thinkers wanted to move away from a metaphysical understanding of the law because it fails to provide an adequate understanding.
Aristotle holds that virtues originate from actions that human beings perform because one can either be a good or bad person based on actions. In his ethics, Aristotle asserts that whatever activities that human beings do ultimately lead to a good or a bad end. Desire and passion compel human beings to pursue certain activities so that they can achieve certain ends, which determine virtue. If there were no desired ends, human beings would pursue activities in vain. Human beings seek to achieve legitimate ends so that they can obtain happiness in life.