Circumcision is an operation that can be performed on both men and women. Male circumcision is part of the traditions of some ethnic groups, such as Jews and Muslims. Female circumcision is now actively performed in Africa and the Middle East. The ethics concerning circumcision is argued among different healthcare organizations; however, they all agree that it is unethical and unacceptable to perform this operation on people, particularly children, without their consent Earp, Male circumcision is the surgical removal of the prepuce, the skin that covers the end of a penis. Usually, circumcision is performed on young boys or babies; however, it can also be performed on adult men Earp,
The Debate on Infant Circumcision Essay - Words | Bartleby
Male circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin prepuce from the human penis. Some medical associations take the position that the parents should determine what is in the best interest of the infant or child. The Royal Australasian College of Physicians released a statement indicating that neonatal male circumcision is "generally considered an ethical procedure", provided that 1 the child's decision makers, typically the parents, are acting in the best interests of the child and are making an informed decision; and 2 the procedure is performed by a competent provider, with sufficient analgesia , and does not unnecessarily harm the child or have substantial risks. They argue that parents should be allowed to be the primary decision-makers because providers may not understand the full psychosocial benefits of circumcision. Additionally, this procedure does not present substantial harm compared to its potential benefits, so parents should be allowed full decision-making capacity as long as they are educated properly. The Canadian Paediatric Society CPS issued a position statement on September 8, , which highlighted the ethical issue surrounding the child's inability to give consent.
There are still many people who like to pretend that infant circumcision and genital mutilation are not the same thing. Some of them apparently work at Indonesia's health ministry, the Departemen Kesehatan , who recently issued guidelines for 'safe' female circumcision and wheeled out a spokeswoman to dispense the following words of wisdom : "I would like to stress that female circumcision is not genital mutilation, which is indeed dangerous. They are two things that are very different. This nonsense comes from the same ministry that recently pushed the idea that swine flu was an American conspiracy - a sinister plot to achieve something or other through some improbable chain of unlikely events — and it isn't surprising that logic isn't their strong point.
Circumcision is one of the commonest surgical procedures performed on males. Opponents argue that infant circumcision can cause both physical and psychological harm, while recent evidence shows that circumcision is medically beneficial. Two doctors debate the issue in an article in the British Medical Journal. The law and principles pertaining to child protection should apply equally to both sexes, so why do society and the medical profession collude with this unnecessary mutilating practise? In addition to religious justification, there have been many spurious and now unsupported claims for circumcision including the prevention of penile cancer, masturbation, blindness, and insanity, most of which relate to adult sexual behaviour and not to the genital anatomy or best interest of a child, he adds.
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