Print Version. Whether the goal is to increase student understanding of content, to build particular transferable skills, or some combination of the two, instructors often turn to small group work to capitalize on the benefits of peer-to-peer instruction. Cooperative learning is characterized by positive interdependence, where students perceive that better performance by individuals produces better performance by the entire group Johnson, et al. It can be formal or informal, but often involves specific instructor intervention to maximize student interaction and learning.
Literature Review On Cooperative Learning | mokoi.info
The research showed that cooperative leaning has increased academic performance with students. The way this study could be improved by having more of an explanation of why some of the measures did not work in a cooperative learning setting and how we could fix those. To add more, in the examination of cooperative learning with group processing, Archer-Kath et al. Once these five elements are structured in cooperative settings, the roles of the teacher and students will be changed remarkably. In another research, Rogers concluded that gifted students need some form of ability grouping to broaden and extend their curriculum. Shields found that homogeneous grouping had a positive effect on the attitudes of the gifted and how they felt about themselves as learners and the school experience. The study by Gentry, Rizza, and Owen expressed concern that there was little differentiation for the gifted students in the heterogeneous classroom.
There are five fundamental elements involved in cooperative learning. In fact, these five elements distinguish cooperative learning from other forms of group learning. These elements can be thought of as pieces in a puzzle.
Include Synonyms Include Dead terms. Download full text. Cooperative learning involves students working in small groups or teams to help each other learn academic material. Cooperative learning strategies are organized, highly structured methods that usually involve formal presentation of information, student practice and coaching in learning teams, individual assessment of mastery, and public recognition of team success. By their structure and individual assignments, cooperative learning avoids the problem of letting the smart student in the group do the work while the other students get a free ride.
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