Those who survive traumatic brain injury may experience anxiety, agitation, memory impairments, and behavioral changes. When managing the immediate and long-term consequences of such injuries, clinicians have many pharmacological options, including psychostimulants, antidepressants, antiparkinsonian agents, and anticonvulsants. These and other agents can play a role in managing the neuropsychiatric, neurocognitive, and neurobehavioral sequelae of injury to the brain. Psychostimulants, antidepressants, and other agents may speed the recovery of patients suffering from the functional deficits that follow an insult to the brain. Traumatic brain injury TBI is commonly defined as an insult to the brain from an external force that causes temporary or permanent impairment in functional, psychosocial, or physical abilities.
The costs of traumatic brain injury: a literature review
Literature Review On Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) | mokoi.info
Many concerns have centered in on the possible links between repeated concussions and chronic traumatic encephalopathy or CPE. A signature feature of the disease is abnormal deposits of a protein called tau that accumulates around small blood vessels in brain crevices. Researchers believe that multiple blows to the head may dislodge the tau protein from the cell structure and cause it to form in clumps inside nerve cells. Closed head injuries are a type of traumatic brain injury in which the skull and dura mater remain intact.
ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this article is to review the ability of medical providers in neurosurgery to implement telemedicine encounters in their current practice in an effort to reduce costs to patients and hospitals and improve the quality and accessibility of care, for patients diagnosed with traumatic brain injuries TBI in outlying or rural medical facilities. Method: Method A PubMed literature search was conducted with search terms including, but not limited to; telemedicine, telehealth, neurosurgery, neurotrauma, traumatic brain injury, TBI, healthcare costs, transfer, outlying medical facility, medical transfer costs, and rural care. All articles reviewed were published in or after There was a total of 16 articles reviewed and our of those articles, eleven relevant articles were grouped for analysis if they were substantially similar in areas related to the use of telemedicine in the treatment of TBIs.
To improve future treatment decision-making, resource allocation and research initiatives, this study reviewed the in-hospital costs for patients with s-TBI and the quality of study methodology. Articles published before August reporting in-hospital acute care costs for patients with s-TBI were included. Twenty-five out of articles were included. Variation between study results was primarily caused by methodological heterogeneity and variable patient and treatment characteristics. Healthcare consumption and in-hospital costs for patients with s-TBI were high and varied widely between studies.
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